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Reducing energy demand through low carbon innovation: A sociotechnical transitions perspective and thirteen research debates

Journal Article

This paper presents the “socio-technical approach” and shows how it could help policy makers understand low carbon innovation. It argues that radical innovations are needed to achieve the transition to a low carbon economy and focusing on single technologies and economic viability is too narrow an approach to make it happen. The paper also looks at thirteen key debates within socio-technical transitions literature that are relevant for energy demand reduction, grouping them under three themes: emergence, diffusion and impact.


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