Historically, economic growth has led to an associated growth in carbon emissions. But energy productivity – doing the same or more with less energy – helps to enable the economy to grow at the same time as tackling our greenhouse gas emissions. Our research investigates the links between economic activity and energy use, how improvements in energy efficiency deliver reductions in energy demand, the impact of de-industrialisation on energy use and how investment in carbon-intensive sectors of the economy might be redirected to lower carbon activities.

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Exergy Economics

Exergy Economics is an emerging field that has the potential to throw new light on the relationship between economic growth and energy consumption.

letters making up divest from fossil fuels held by people
Reorienting investments and divesting from fossil fuel assets

How can the investment community be reoriented away from investments in fossil fuels and towards investment in low carbon options, especially energy efficiency and energy demand measures? This project is researching the challenges of financing a transition to a low-carbon and low-energy demand economy, and the implications for the financial sector, government and civil society.

Energy saving innovations and economy wide rebound effects

This project investigates the impact of energy efficiency improvements throughout the UK economy and along international supply chains, as well as using sophisticated multi-sector macroeconomic models to capture a much wider range of economic effects. This new project on economy-wide rebound effects significantly extends CIED’s work and is led by the Centre for Energy Policy at the University of Strathclyde.


A ‘Carbon Saving Multiplier’ as an alternative to rebound in considering reduced energy supply chain requirements from energy efficiency?
K. Turner, A. Katris (2017)
Journal Article
Energy Rebound as a Potential Threat to a Low-Carbon Future: Findings from a New Exergy-Based National-Level Rebound Approach
P. Brockway, H. Saunders, M. Heun, T. Foxon, J. Steinberger, J. Barrett, S. Sorrell (2017)
Journal Article
Exergy Accounting: A Quantitative Comparison of Methods and Implications for Energy-Economy Analysis
J. Miller, T. Foxon, S. Sorrell (2016)
Journal Article
International spillover and rebound effects from increased energy efficiency in Germany
S. Koesler, K. Swales, K. Turner (2016)
Journal Article
Multiplier analysis of re-spending rebound effects
K. Turner (2016)
Briefings and reports
How Improving Household Efficiency Could Boost the Scottish Economy
K. Turner, F. Riddoch, G. Figus (2016)
Briefings and reports
So what if there were a larger and more sustained energy efficiency effort across the economy, what would be the impact
K. Turner (2016)
Briefings and reports
So which households can benefit from energy efficiency and is there an argument to fund from the public purse?
K. Turner (2016)
Briefings and reports
Rebound effects for household energy services in the UK
M. Chitnis, S. Sorrell, R. Fouquet (2016)
Working and conference papers


Past Event
Exergy Economics Workshop 2016
13 July, 2016 12:00 pm - 15 July, 2016 12:00 pm
University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton
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