CIED Director and Co-Directors
Prof Benjamin Sovacool
Professor Benjamin K. Sovacool, is Director of the Centre on Innovation and Energy Demand and of the Sussex Energy Group. Benjamin is also Professor of Energy Policy at the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU). Professor Sovacool works as a researcher and consultant on issues pertaining to energy policy, energy security, climate change mitigation, and climate change adaptation. More specifically, his research focuses on renewable energy and energy efficiency, the politics of large-scale energy infrastructure, designing public policy to improve energy security and access to electricity, and building adaptive capacity to the consequences of climate change. Benjamin is also Co-PI of the INNOPATHS (Innovation Pathways, Strategies and Policies for the Low-Carbon Transition in Europe) research project.
Prof Frank Geels
Professor Frank Geels (Co-Director, Theme leader, Diffusion) is Professor of System Innovation and Sustainability at the Sustainable Consumption Institute, University of Manchester and chairman of the international Sustainability Transitions Research Network. Frank is a world-leading scholar on socio-technical transitions and has published six books and more than sixty peer- reviewed articles in this area, many of which are highly cited. Geels has extensive experience in research management, acting as PI on a prestigious ERC-funded project (‘Destabilisation of sociotechnical regimes as the key to transitions towards sustainability’, 2008-2012), a project funded by the Dutch TransForum programme (‘Historical and future transitions in agriculture and food’, 2007-2008), and a project funded by the Dutch Knowledge Network on System Innovation (‘Historical Transition Pathways’, 2004-2007). Geels has acted as consultant for DEFRA (two reports on sustainability transitions), The World Wildlife Fund (which has adopted his multi-level perspective to structure their strategic thinking), the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (which adopted transition management in the energy sector), and Dutch practitioners working ‘on transition projects.
Dr Tim Schwanen
Dr Tim Schwanen (Co-Director, Theme leader Emergence) is Associate Professor in Transport Studies and Director of the Transport Studies Unit at the University of Oxford. He is currently also a Visiting Professor in Human Geography at the School of Business, Economics and Law at the University of Gothenburg. Tim’s research is international in outlook, interdisciplinary in scope and located at the intersection of urban, transport, cultural, political and economic geography. It covers a wide range of themes and topics relating to cities and the mobility of people, good and information, including processes of transition towards low-energy and just mobility systems. In 2013-2015 he was the editor-in-chief of Journal of Transport Geography and currently serves on the editorial advisory boards of nine academic journals in geography, transport studies and sustainability research.
Prof Steven Sorrell
Professor Steven Sorrell (Co-Director, Theme Leader Impacts) is a Professor of Energy Policy in SPRU, member of the Sussex Energy Group (SEG) and Honorary Senior Fellow at the Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College. He has more than 20 years of experience in energy and climate policy research, with a particular focus on market based instruments, resource depletion, energy efficiency and rebound effects. Steve has (co)-authored three books, forty peer-reviewed papers, twelve book chapters and more than one hundred research reports on various aspects of energy and climate policy. He has extensive experience in leading multi-disciplinary, multi-partner research projects for RCUK and the European Commission and has acted as consultant to the European Commission, the UN, UK government departments, the Environment Agency, the Sustainable Development Commission, private sector organisations and NGOs.
Dr Lucy Baker
Dr Lucy Baker is a research fellow in the Centre on Innovation and Energy Demand (CIED) based at Sussex Energy Group (SEG) of SPRU, University of Sussex. She is also a visiting fellow at the Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town. Prior to joining CIED, Lucy was a research fellow in the School of Global Studies, University of Sussex on an ESRC-funded project, Rising powers and the low carbon transition in Southern Africa. Within CIED Lucy’s research focuses on energy intensive users, particularly the UK steel economy. Her other areas of research include: the political economy of energy; energy finance; electricity policy in South Africa; and low carbon development in low & middle income countries. Lucy also works on the INNOPATHS (Innovation Pathways, Strategies and Policies for the Low-Carbon Transition in Europe) research project.
Lucy holds a PhD in the political economy of socio-technical transitions in South Africa’s electricity sector, from the University of East Anglia, an MSc in Development Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies and an MA in Hispanic Studies and French from the University of Edinburgh. Prior to joining academia she worked for ten years in the fields of environment, development and human rights as a policy officer and campaigner with the non-governmental organisations Amnesty International, Oxfam and Bretton Woods Project. Lucy is a native speaker of English and fluent in Spanish, Portuguese and French.
Dr Noam Bergman
Dr Noam Bergman joined SPRU in 2015 as a Research Fellow in CIED. His interests lie in systemic perspectives on energy use and societal shift to sustainability, often using transitions theory. His previous research includes microgeneration and its role in a shift to a low carbon future; local and community initiatives for energy and emission savings; and social innovation and its potential. He also has experience developing modelling tools, including agent-based models for assessing sustainability implications of future scenarios. He previously worked at the University of Oxford and the University of East Anglia, including work on the EU MATISSE project on integrated sustainability assessment. Noam trained as a natural scientist, and has a BSc in physics and an MSc in environmental sciences, both from the Hebrew University, and a PhD in Environmental Sciences from the University of East Anglia.
Prof Tim Foxon
Tim Foxon is Professor of Sustainability Transitions at the SPRU – Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex (2015-present). Tim’s research explores technological and social factors relating to the innovation of new energy technologies, the co-evolution of technologies and institutions for a transition to a sustainable low carbon economy, and relations and interdependencies between energy use and economic growth. Tim joined CIED in September 2016 to carry out research on Reorienting investments and divesting from fossil fuel assets divestment and Energy Demand and the UK Steel Economy. He was previously a Reader in Sustainability and Innovation and RCUK Academic Fellow, Sustainability Research Institute (SRI), School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds (2007-2015), a Research Associate, Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research, University of Cambridge (2005-2007) and a Research Associate/Lecturer, Centre for Environmental Policy and Centre for Energy Policy and Technology, Imperial College London (1996-2005).
Dr Andrew Hook
Andrew has joined SPRU as a Research Fellow in Energy Justice and Transitions. He works on the Innovation Pathways, Strategies and Policies for the Low-Carbon Transition in Europe (INNOPATHS) project, which examines the socio-technical dimensions of low carbon energy transitions in the EU, particularly questions of energy justice. He also works on other SPRU projects, such as Digital Society and Energy Demand. As well as being a member of CIED, he is also a member of the Sussex Energy Group and the STEPS Centre. Prior to joining SPRU, Andrew was completing his PhD in Human Geography at Sussex, where he examined the political economy and political ecology of green transitions within the small-scale gold mining sector in Guyana. In between completing a BA in Economics and Politics at Sheffield, an MSc in Development Studies at SOAS, and an MSc in Social Research Methods here at Sussex, he spent several years working in the Development sector, most recently as a Consultant for the UNDP and an ODI Fellow in Guyana.
Dr Debbie Hopkins
Dr Debbie Hopkins is a departmental research lecturer at the Transport Studies Unit and the School of Geography and the Environment, and a Junior Research Fellow in Geography at Mansfield College, University of Oxford. Debbie has a master’s degree (with distinction) from King’s College London, and a PhD from the University of Otago. Debbie joined the TSU in 2016 as a research fellow, and previously worked as a research fellow on the Energy Cultures II research programme at the Centre for Sustainability (New Zealand). She also completed postdoctoral training at the Centre for Sustainability and the Otago Climate Change Network (OCCNet), University of Otago. Debbie is a human geographer, with research expertise in socio-spatial interpretations and experiences of environmental issues. Her research is broadly concerned with the social dimensions of climate change, the social practice of mobilities, and low-carbon transitions. Debbie has published widely on these topics, and in 2016, co-edited a book on Low Carbon Mobility Transitions.
Dr Victoria Johnson
Dr Victoria Johnson is Research Associate at the Sustainable Consumption Institute (SCI), University of Manchester. She is an experienced interdisciplinary and widely published researcher in the fields of climate change and energy policy at the domestic and international level. To date, she has led or contributed over 35 policy-relevant publications in these fields. Her principal research interests relate to the mechanisms and societal implications of socio-technical transitions across a range of spatial scales with a particular reference to power, agency, social justice and international development. Based at the SCI, she is primarily comparing patterns of diffusion of low-energy technologies (district heating, light-rail networks, and Passivhaus) in the UK with other European countries. Victoria joined the SCI and CIED in September 2014 from the Low Carbon Research Institute of Wales, based at the Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University. Here her work focussed historical transitions in the UK energy sector and institutional transformation necessary for distributed low-carbon electricity generation in the UK. Between 2007 and 2012 Victoria led the research programme on climate change and energy policy at leading independent think tank, NEF (New Economics Foundation). She holds a PhD in Atmospheric Physics from Imperial College, a MSc (awarded with distinction) in Climate Change and a BSc in Environmental Sciences, both from the University of East Anglia.
Dr Paula Kivimaa
Dr Paula Kivimaa is a Senior Research Fellow at SPRU, Senior Researcher at the Finnish Environment Institute and has an affiliation of Docent at Aalto University, Finland. She has over ten years’ experience in research dealing with the interface between environmental innovations and climate, energy, transport and environmental policies. Her recent research is focused on analysing transport and energy policy as well as intermediary organisations from the perspective of sustainability transitions. She has experience in managing several projects funded by Finnish research funding agencies. She has published scientific articles in journals such as Research Policy, Environmental Policy and Governance, Environmental Politics, Journal of Cleaner Production, and Transport Geography as well as research reports issued, for example, by the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Partnership for European Environmental Research.
Dr Mari Martiskainen
Dr Mari Martiskainen is a Research Fellow at the Centre on Innovation and Energy Demand. Mari joined SPRU in 2006 and has worked on a range of research projects including topics such as building energy efficiency policies, innovation processes linked to community energy, influences on household energy consumption and the diffusion of small scale renewable energy technologies. Mari completed a PhD in Science and Technology Policy Studies at SPRU in 2014, she has an MSc in Environmental Technology from Imperial College London and a BA in Social Sciences from the University of Helsinki, Finland.
Dr Karoline Rogge
Dr Karoline Rogge is Senior Lecturer in Energy Policy and Sustainability in SPRU, and Senior Researcher at the Fraunhofer Institute of Systems and Innovation Research. Karoline’s interdisciplinary research focuses on the link between policy and innovation in the energy sector, and ranges from studying the innovation impact of single policy instruments, such as the EU emissions trading system, to evaluating the effects of comprehensive policy mixes for promoting the low carbon transition. Karoline has extensive project management experience and in-depth knowledge of German, European and international climate policy. She has advised the German government for ten years, including as a member of the scientific secretariat of the German Emissions Trading Stakeholder Group and has acted as a consultant to the OECD and World Bank. Karoline is currently leading the GRETCHEN project investigating the influence of the policy mix for renewables on technological and structural change in Germany.
Prof Karen Turner
Karen is Director of the Centre for Energy Policy at the University of Strathclyde International Public Policy Institute. She has previously held academic posts at in the Economics Departments at Heriot-Watt, Stirling and Strathclyde Universities. Karen was one of six ESRC Climate Change Leadership Fellows and her main research interests in modelling the economy-wide impacts of energy and climate policy. The main focus of her current work is investigating economy-wide rebound effects and macroeconmic impacts of energy efficiency enhancing and/or carbon reduction technologies such as CCS. Karen was Principle Investigator on the EPSRC ‘Working with the [EUED] Centres project titled ‘Energy Saving Innovations and Economy-wide Rebound Effects’
Prof Jan Webb
Janette Webb is Professor of Sociology of Organisations at the School of Political and Social Science, University of Edinburgh. Her research concerns social studies of energy and climate change and she is the Principal Investigator of the Reframing Energy Demand: Innovation for Sustainable Heat (REDish) project, run in collaboration with CIED. This research group is studying comparative European heat and energy efficiency policies and practices. Professor Webb’s other research includes the Heat and the City project that is focused on urban energy governance and organisation in globalising markets. Further work is analysing local engagement in energy developments and evaluating the Scottish Energy Efficiency Pilot projects. She also works with Informatics engineers on living labs and social interactions with digital systems for energy feedback.
Additionally, Professor Webb is a member of Scottish Government Fuel Poverty Review Panel and Expert Commission on District Heating and Regulation; UK Government BEIS Steering Group on Heat Networks and Consumer Protection Research; UK Nominated Expert to the International Energy Agency Programme on District Heating and Cooling; and was Chair of the 2016 Advisory Group on Heat and Energy Efficiency, UK Committee on Climate Change. She is a Trustee of environmental charity, SNIFFER, which is responsible for Scotland’s Climate Change Adaptation programme.
Communications and Impact Team
Ms Nora Blascsok
Nora Blascsok helps CIED with promoting research to a wider audience. This involves looking after the CIED website, writing and editing content as well as organising CIED-funded events. Nora also manages the CIED Twitter account and helps with stakeholder engagement in a variety of other ways. She has a background in International Relations, gaining a distinction in her MA from the School of Global Studies at Sussex University.
Ms Ellie Leftley
Ellie Leftley joined CIED in December 2017 as the Research Support and Communications Assistant. Ellie has recently graduated from the University of Exeter in which she completed her BA Geography degree. Her role is to support CIED with events organisation, monitoring and reporting activities.
Mr Donal Brown
Donal Brown has 6 years experience in sustainable construction and consultancy, with an academic background including a First class BSc in Environmental Science and Distinction in Climate Change and Policy MSc. Donal has also recently undertaken a CIED research project, into the status and bariers to low energy buildings in the UK. A sustainable energy specialist with extensive experience in the low carbon housing sector, Donal has technical knowledge of renewable energy systems as well as Passivhaus and energy efficient design. His research background includes climate and environmental science, energy policy, innovation and energy economics. He is also Sustainability Director of a eco-housing design and build firm which provides consultancy services.
Mr Duncan Edmondson
Duncan Edmondson joined CIED in September 2015, working as a doctoral researcher on a project focusing on policy mixes for innovation and energy demand. With a background in Environmental Science (BSc; University of Leeds), Duncan previously completed an MSc at SPRU in Energy Policy for Sustainability for which he undertook a project researching Legitimacy in Technological Innovation Systems, applied empirically to the offshore wind sector in the UK. Duncan’s research engages with the politics of transitions, and the co-evolutionary dynamics of policy mixes and socio-technical systems. Empirically, the project investigates the Zero Carbon Homes target in the UK. The target (announced in 2007), mandated all new-build domestic buildings to achieve zero carbon by 2016, but was subsequently denounced in 2015. From such an instance of apparent policy ‘failure’, he aims to draw lessons for the design of policy mixes for sustainability transitions.
Sofia Kesidou joined SPRU as a doctoral researcher in September 2015 and her research focuses on supply chain integration within the construction industry and its impact on the delivery of low energy innovations in non-domestic buildings. Sofia has 14 years experience in sustainability consulting within the construction sector, having worked with major commercial, infrastructure and industrial developers and building owners in delivering sustainable and cost-effective solutions for their property portfolios. Through her roles as a sustainability specialist, a project sustainability champion, and a BREEAM/LEED advisor and assessor, Sofia has gained an understanding of the organisation and dynamics of project teams, the benefits of an integrated design process and integrated teams and the positive effects of collaboration between disciplines in the delivery of project objectives. Sofia is a certified project manager and has managed a large number of sustainability consultancy projects working for one of the largest global multi-disciplinary consulting engineering firms. She holds a BA(Hons) in Architectural Studies and an MRes in the Built Environment with Distinction.
Bryony Parrish joined Sussex in 2016. Her PhD research investigates UK residential user engagement with heat pumps and demand response, two technologies that are expected to contribute significantly to decarbonisation, but remain largely unfamiliar in the UK. Previously Bryony worked as a Research Assistant at Imperial College (ICCEPT), in sustainability consultancy and as a secondary school science teacher.
Paul Appleby leads the analysis of long term energy market developments for BP. His career at BP spans 30 years, and includes a variety of roles in BP’s gas and alternative energy businesses. Most recently he was the custodian of the investment appraisal process for BP’s gas, power and renewables businesses worldwide.
He received his theoretical training in economics at CambridgeUniversity (MA and MPhil); and served a practical apprenticeship as a Fellow of the Overseas Development Institute, posted to Malawi. He is an associate lecturer in energy economics at the University of Surrey, and a member of the Council of the British Institute of Energy Economics.
Dustin started with Green Alliance in June 2011, and runs the Low Carbon Energy and Resource Stewardship themes. His role includes responsibility for work on energy efficiency and renewables, the UK’s electricity market, and CCS, alongside work on resource scarcity and the Circular Economy Task Force.
Before joining Green Alliance, Dustin worked for the Campaign to Protect Rural England where he led work on the relationship between landscape protection, climate change, and new energy infrastructure. He also led on the future of land use, and was a key contributor to CPRE’s Vision for the Countryside, which provides a long term perspective on how the countryside should be managed in light of increasing demands on the land.
He holds an MA in political thought and theory from the University of Birmingham and an MA in international relations and French from the University of St Andrews.
Dr Wolfgang Eichhammer
Dr Wolfgang Eichhammer is a physicist with international experience in designing and evaluating energy efficiency and renewables policies as well as climate policies. He has been Head of the Competence Center Energy Policy and Energy Markets since 2012.
Dr Steven Fawkes
Steve has thirty years’ experience in energy management and new energy, implementing energy management programmes in large multi-premise organisations, advising governments on policy, as well as building energy services businesses from start-up. He has over 150 publications including the book: “Outsourcing energy management” (Gower, 2007) and “Energy Efficiency” published in September 2013. Steve has given keynote presentations in UK, Europe, North America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East.
He is currently developing energy efficiency retrofit programmes and financing solutions in Europe and North America.
Alex has worked at Amber since 2011, specifically responsible for sourcing green investment opportunities. His specialisms include low carbon investment, regeneration and green infrastructure projects. Alex has primarily focused on Amber’s successfully deployed government-backed funds, which includes the London Energy Efficiency Fund (LEEF) and the Scottish Partnership for Regeneration in Urban Centres (SPRUCE). Amber is the Fund Manager of several sustainable investment vehicles, which match government money with private sector capital to deliver public infrastructure, regeneration and green energy projects across the UK. Alex focuses on investment opportunity origination, transaction execution and the oversight of asset management. He is in regular communication with UK developers and sponsors of regeneration, district heating, energy efficiency and renewables schemes.
Alex has a background in cleantech venture capital and low carbon development and continues to work with several social and environmental fast-growing companies. He has also worked across investment, sales and consultancy in the energy and low carbon arenas. He has a degree in Economics (First Class) and a Masters in Advanced Energy and Environmental Studies (Distinction); and has lectured at several Universities on the topics of Green Infrastructure and Financing Energy Schemes.
Dr Jeff Hardy is a Senior Research Fellow at the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment and also Acting Head of Science for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change WG3 Technical Support Unit, based at Imperial College London. His research focuses on society led low carbon transformations. He is on a 12-month sabbatical from Ofgem, where he was Head of Sustainable Energy Futures, focusing on non-traditional business models, horizon scanning future energy systems, climate change adaptation and sustainable development. Previously has worked at the UK Energy Research Centre, the Energy Generation and Supply Knowledge Transfer Network, the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Green Chemistry Group at the University of York and at Sellafield as research chemist in a nuclear laboratory.
Simon Harrison is the Group Strategic Development Manager at Global engineering management and development consultant Mott MacDonald, and also chairs the IET’s Energy Policy Panel and Power Networks Joint Vision activity. An electrical engineer, Simon has played a key role in developing Mott MacDonald’s renewable, thermal and nuclear power businesses, including opening a number of new geographic and sector markets. He also has an interest in energy policy, and has directed a number of key studies in the UK. During his career Simon has played key roles in the development and financing of numerous privately financed infrastructure projects in sectors including power, water, transport, telecommunications and the built environment. In power, he has taken a leading role in many privately financed generation projects around the world as well as privatisations and acquisitions. Prior to this he undertook planning of major electricity transmission and distribution systems. He is a visiting professor at Southampton University and is a Fellow of the IET and the Institute of Energy.
Ronan Palmer is a Director, Strategy & Planning, at Ofwat. Prior to joining Ofwat in November 2015 he was Chief Economist to the Environment Agency. Previously he had been a regulatory economist for the newly privatised National Grid Company from 1991, and worked in the UK’s Department of Environment on water privatisation and policy appraisal. He has a degree in Philosophy and Economics from University College Dublin.
Shelaine Siepel AIEMA
Shelaine is an Environmental Management Systems specialist and Associate of the Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment, with an MSc in Science and Technology for Sustainability. Shelaine has been working in the sustainability sector for over 12 years, including 8 years with the Sustainable Business Partnership, overseeing its spin out in early 2011 from a local authority project to a Community Interest Company. She developed the UTILISE Course and Sustainable Business Network, recognising the need to not only help businesses identify savings through resource efficiency, but also provide the link to the local suppliers that can help them turn their good ideas into action.
Fred joined PSI in October 2009. Prior to this, he led innovation research at the business schools of Brunel University and Aston University. Seconded to NESTA in 2008, he has advised government departments in the UK, Europe and China on innovation and sustainability. During 2009, he was seconded to Advantage West Midlands to develop a bid to the European Institute of Innovation & Technology for a climate change Knowledge & Innovation Community. He is Visiting Professor at Imperial College, London and President of the European Association for the Study of Science & Technology, EASST.
His primary research interest is in ‘transformative innovation’ – pervasive, radical, system-wide social and technological change. His approach to this is a synthesis between innovation network concepts and sociotechnical transition theory. The focus of his research is the role of innovation in addressing the global challenge of climate change and environmental sustainability, and the implications of this for policy.
Jeremy is Head of Customer Insight at the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC). He leads a team responsible for developing the social research evidence on energy efficiency and ensuring that policy-makers have access to this. The team’s outputs include surveys, behavioural trials and a wide range of reports using other social research methods.
David Vincent Hon FCIBSE, FEIe
Following a career in Government service and the Carbon Trust spanning over 35 years, David Vincent is now an independent strategic energy consultant. He has extensive experience in the fields of energy efficiency, renewable energy technologies, energy technology innovation, carbon emissions reduction and climate change mitigation with a particular focus on low carbon buildings and technology innovation. He has designed, managed and directed energy/energy efficiency RD&D and advice programmes, and helped develop policy instruments such as the climate change levy and climate change agreements with the energy intensive industries. He was Technology Director at the Carbon Trust, which he helped set up in 2000-01. He has worked with leading organisations involved in low carbon building design and construction research including Bovis Lend Lease, Arup and BRE. He advises universities and researchers at UCL, Loughborough, Cardiff, Surrey and Sussex, and the Research Councils, on clean energy technology innovation, training of building professionals and behavioural aspects of the energy system transition. He has served on Marks & Spencer’s Plan A committee. He has worked with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office on a major initiative to promulgate the UK’s approach to moving to a low carbon economy to other countries facing similar challenges; and with the Department for International Development and the World Bank on clean energy technology innovation models for developing countries. He has also worked with Hitachi and EDF on the Energy Technologies Institute’s Smart Systems and Heat programme; and professional bodies including the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers on a range of policy and buildings related matters.
Dr Joanne Wade is a sustainable energy expert with 25 years’ experience in energy efficiency and community energy. She is the Director of the Association for the Conservation of Energy, and combines this role with freelance consultancy and research work. She is an Honorary Senior Fellow at Imperial College London, a member of the Energy Advisory Panel of the Energy Institute, and has previously served on the Boards of eaga Charitable Trust and Global Action Plan. Her areas of interest include energy efficiency policy and programme evaluation, local energy action, and the economic and social benefits of sustainable energy
Dr Anthony White has over thirty five years’ experience in international power markets and low carbon economy from capital markets analytical and industry strategy roles. His key responsibilities included being lead analyst for the top ranked energy team at investment bank, James Capel, who advised the UK Government on privatising the power sector. As Head of Citigroup’s pan-European power team he also oversaw market liberalisation in other European markets. He also was National Grid’s Group Head of Strategy in the 1990’s. More recently, Anthony was a founder of Climate Change Capital, a specialist low carbon advisory and asset management business. He is actively involved in UK energy and power market policy participating in numerous UK Government advisory bodies including the Energy Advisory Panel, Commission on Environmental Markets and Economic Reform, Energy Networks Strategy Group and the Nuclear Liability Financing Assurance Board. Anthony is also a Non-Executive Board member of the Crown Estate and Green Deal Finance Company.
James has been at the Carbon Trust for nine years, leading policy and markets work which has informed the introduction of a number of new policies and spanned a wide range of topics in the UK and abroad – from the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, energy efficiency, low carbon buildings design through to renewable and low carbon technology innovation policy.
James also leads the Carbon Trust’s innovation business area, working with Governments and corporates to commercialise new low carbon technologies. Prior to joining the Carbon Trust, James worked for management consultants McKinsey & Company.