Exergy Economics

Exergy Economics is an emerging field that has the potential to throw new light on the relationship between economic growth and energy consumption.

letters making up divest from fossil fuels held by people

Reorienting investments and divesting from fossil fuel assets

How can the investment community be reoriented away from investments in fossil fuels and towards investment in low carbon options, especially energy efficiency and energy demand measures? This project is researching the challenges of financing a transition to a low-carbon and low-energy demand economy, and the implications for the financial sector, government and civil society.

Electric car charging sign

Futures of Personal Mobility

What assumptions are made about the future uptake and use of electric vehicles and car sharing clubs in the UK? Implications for future energy demand and a transition to sustainable transport are identified by this project.


Energy saving innovations and economy wide rebound effects

This project investigates the impact of energy efficiency improvements throughout the UK economy and along international supply chains, as well as using sophisticated multi-sector macroeconomic models to capture a much wider range of economic effects. This new project on economy-wide rebound effects significantly extends CIED’s work and is led by the Centre for Energy Policy at the University of Strathclyde.

cars in traffic

Rebound effects in UK transport

While the fuel efficiency of passenger and freight transport has improved, it may have unintentionally increased the number of cars on the road or encouraged the development of larger, more powerful vehicles. What is the nature and magnitude of these rebound effects and their policy implications?

smart meters

Smart meter rollout in the UK: Dynamics of expectations

Smart meters have taken on a prominent role in the UK government’s energy demand reduction plans and discourse over the past decade. What expectations have been associated with smart metering roll out and how have they changed over time? How do expectations link with governance?

thermal image of house

The diffusion of energy service contracting

Energy service contracts involve the outsourcing of energy-related services to a third party, or contractor. This project aims to identify the factors underpinning successful business models, to identify whether, how and under what conditions such models could diffuse more widely, and to assess their potential for reducing energy demand in order to provide recommendations for public policy.

3D printer

Grassroots innovation in low energy digital fabrication

Rapid advances in open-source, small-scale digital design and fabrication technologies are opening up new possibilities for decentralised, networked, user-led manufacturing. A confluence of new technologies (e.g. the 3-D printing ‘revolution’), new business models (e.g. ‘personalised manufacturing’), and new social movements (e.g. ‘open-source, commons-based, peer-production’), are prompting claims about the ‘reconfiguration’ of production and consumption. For …

train station at rush hour

Innovations in urban transport

Why do innovations in low-energy transport emerge and develop more rapidly in some cities than in others? What can local governments and stakeholders do to stimulate the success of such innovations?